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Marsden Hartley Marsden Hartley

Marsden Hartley

   •   Modernista   •   Wikipedia: Marsden Hartley
41 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #3787
Marsden Hartley was one of the best known painters of classical modernism in the United States. He comes from a family of nine and grew up in the state of Maine. He was enthusiastic about nature early on. As a teenager, he helped a friend of nature's friend to document native flora and fauna. He traced insects, butterflies and flowers. This is how he discovered his talent for painting, which he never let go of. He moved to Cleveland and took art classes at the Cleveland School of Arts. But he wanted more. He applied for the first paintings at the National Academy of Design in New York. His talent convinced the professors and he received a scholarship to study for five years.

While studying in New York, he attended master classes with William Merritt Chase . The American portrait and landscape painter had developed his own impressionist style. At the National Academy, he finally passed on his knowledge to young artists as a professor. During his studies, Hartley was interested in a certain painting technique called "Segantini Stitch". The technique was named after the Austrian painter Giovanni Segantini , who was known for his impressive open-air painting. The special painting technique enabled the unbroken light reproduction in paintings. The new technique increased the naturalistic effect of paintings.

After his studies, Marsden met Alfred Stieglitz . The American was a successful photographer and gallery owner. As editor of Camera Work magazine, he had managed to establish photography as an art form in America. In his famous gallery 291, he presented the world of photography and acquired great wealth. From then on he sponsored young artists as a patron. This gave Marsden Hartley the unique opportunity to exhibit some of his paintings at an exhibition in Stieglitz Gallery 291. But that's not all. Stieglitz financed the young painter from Maine on a study trip to Europe lasting several years. In Paris, Marsden met other influential figures such as Gertrude Stein, Arnold Rönnebeck and Karl von Freyburg. Marsden moved with Karl von Freyberg, with whom he had an intimate relationship, to his hometown Berlin. Here his painting style changed due to the influence of the German avant-garde. He met Franz Marc and Wassily Kandinsky , members of the politically motivated art movement. Marsden's view of the world was changing. His pictures became more abstract. Intensive color compositions were used. Due to the First World War, when Hartley's great love Karl von Freyberg, who served as a soldier, was killed, he left Germany and returned to the United States. Marsden processed the tragic loss of his friend in a series of twelve pictures. The painter Marsden Hartley lived in his hometown until his death. Here he drew landscapes and genre pictures again. However, the paintings differed from the landscape pictures from a young age because they were designed in expressively contoured colors. His trademark! © Meisterdrucke


 
1903 | Graphite on paper

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1903 | Graphite on paper

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1914 | Oil on cardboard

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1914 | Oil on cardboard

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Jotham"s Island
1937 | Oil on board

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Jotham"s Island
1937 | Oil on board

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Himmel
1914 | Oil on canvas

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Himmel
1914 | Oil on canvas

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Mt. Katahdin (Maine), Autumn #2,...
1939 | Oil on canvas

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Mt. Katahdin (Maine), Autumn #2,...
1939 | Oil on canvas

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Church at Head Tide #2
1938 | Unknown

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Church at Head Tide #2
1938 | Unknown

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