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Philippe de Champaigne

Philippe de Champaigne

   •   Baroque   •   Wikipedia: Philippe de Champaigne
149 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #938
Philippe de Champaigne was a French Baroque painter with Flemish roots. Born in poor conditions in Brussels, Champaigne first studied under Jacques Fouquier. From 1621 he lived and worked in Paris. There he was commissioned in 1625 together with Nicolas Poussin and under the direction of the famous painter Nicolas Duchesne to decorate the rooms in the Palais du Luxembourg. Champaigne is said to have been so talented that Duchesne quickly became jealous and saw his status threatened. So Champaigne had to leave Paris again forced and pull back to Brussels, where he lived with his brother. When Duchesne finally died, the way to Paris for Champaigne was reopened. When he returned to Paris, he even married the daughter of Duchesne. The Queen Mother Maria de Medici appointed him shortly after his return to the successor of Duchesne as her first court painter. She was one of his greatest patrons and made sure his career in France was progressing rapidly.

De Champaigne received as court painter a handsome pension of 1200 pounds per year. The queen mother not only gave him many assignments, but her influence enabled the painter to carry out various assignments for King Louis XIII and Cardinals Richelieu and Marzin. He was the only painter who was allowed to make portraits of Richelieu. He painted the cardinal a total of 11 times. The special feature of the portrait of France's most influential cardinal was that, unlike the dignitaries of the Church, he painted it standing, not sitting. From 1643, Champaigne joined the Jansenismus, a religious movement within the Catholic Church, which was particularly popular in France at that time. From then on, he began his new faith characterized by rejecting many of the usual Baroque conventions. He simplified his portraits and refused to provide the sages with fleeting facial expressions. Champaignes showed in his pictures equally Flemish, French and Italian influences. His portrait style was influenced by Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck .

Champaigne's most important contribution to the art of France was the co-founding of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture in 1648. From the 18th century, it became one of the most important art institutions in France. Champaigne initially taught at the academy and later became its director. Among his students were his nephew Jean Baptiste de Champaigne , William Faithhorne and Nicolas de Plattemontagne. From the 1660s Champaignes fame and he was overshadowed especially by Charles Lebrun. He then withdrew from Paris and lived in Port-Royal, a stronghold of Jansenism. His most famous work dates from this time "Ex voto 1662" dates from this time. It shows his daughter, who became a nun in the monastery, praying with the abbess of the monastery. © Meisterdrucke


Blaise Pascal (1623-62)
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Blaise Pascal (1623-62)
0 | Oil on canvas

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The Last Supper, called 'The Lit...
Undated | Oil on canvas

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The Last Supper, called 'The Lit...
0 | Oil on canvas

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Arnauld d'Andilly, 1667
1667 | Oil on canvas

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Arnauld d'Andilly, 1667
1667 | Oil on canvas

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Portrait of Angelique Arnauld d'...
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Portrait of Angelique Arnauld d'...
0 | Oil on canvas

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Portrait of Vincent Voiture (159...
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Portrait of Vincent Voiture (159...
0 | Oil on canvas

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Cardinal Richelieu (1585-1642) 1...
1636 | Oil on canvas

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Cardinal Richelieu (1585-1642) 1...
1636 | Oil on canvas

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Portrait of Mother Angelique Arn...
Undated | crayon and sanguine on paper

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Portrait of Mother Angelique Arn...
0 | crayon and sanguine on paper

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Jacques Lemercier (c.1590-1660) ...
1644 | Oil on canvas

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Jacques Lemercier (c.1590-1660) ...
1644 | Oil on canvas

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