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Henry Raeburn Henry Raeburn

Henry Raeburn

   •   Romantic   •   Wikipedia: Henry Raeburn
162 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #2373
Every movement ignites a countermovement. The ideas of the Enlightenment around 1750 sparked such a violent political hooliganism (independence of America, French Revolution, the endless wars of Napoleon) that many contemporaries turned away and took refuge in the "romance". Scotland also produced a romantic painter of renown, Henry Raeburn, just then.

Born in Stockbridge on the Leith River in 1856, he first learned the trade of a goldsmith assistant who discovered and promoted Raeburn's talent for painting. One of his first portraits was Ann Edgar, widow of Lord Leslie - a few months later she was Raeburns Ehefreu. The marriage gave Raeburn the financial means to advance his education in Edinburgh and Italy. Back in Scotland, Raeburn launched. There is hardly a contemporary Scottish personality that has not been portrayed by him over the years - to the famous poet Sir Walter Scott in 1822. It was almost a status symbol to be painted by Henry Raeburn. His portraits worked primarily with the play of light and dark - a subject that we Central Europeans automatically associate with Rembrandt. Raeburn compared his fellow artists to Goya ... But an unevenly illuminated background was completely normal at a time when neither gas lighting nor electric light bulbs were known. Most portraits were painted in the glow of oil lamps or log fires - simply because there were no other sources of light.

As Raeburn gradually became the teacher and founder of the "Scottish School", his fame outside of Scotland was rather limited. Although also celebrated by the English art world, Raeburn seldom traveled to London for a short time and never moved there. He was and remained a Scot, a man from Edinburgh - and Scottish painting has to this day a certain independence due to this steadfastness. The people of Scotland are known to be Scots first and then British - and in the decades following the Jacobite uprising and the Battle of Culloden (which killed the Highland clans) it was even between Edinburgh's loyal lowland Scots and London an even greater distance than "only" 800 kilometers ...

Raeburn was elected president of the Scottish Artists' Association in 1812; In 1815 he became a member of the Royal Scottish Academy. When King George IV traveled to Scotland in 1822 (the first British monarch in two centuries), Raeburn was knighted and named "Painter of the King in Scotland." Raeburn died in 1828 and is buried on the outer wall of the church of Saint Cuthbert in Edinburgh. © Meisterdrucke


Portrait of Elizabeth Campbell (...
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Undated | Oil on canvas

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18th century | Oil on canvas

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Undated | Oil on canvas

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Undated | color lithograph

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