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Joseph Ducreux Joseph Ducreux

Joseph Ducreux

   •   Portrait painting   •   Wikipedia: Joseph Ducreux
18 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #3050
Joseph Ducreux was born on June 26, 1735 in Nancy and moved to Paris in 1760, where he met the painters Jean Baptiste Greuze (1725 - 1805) and Maurice Quentin de La Tour (1704 - 1788). Especially Greuze coined Ducreux with other creations. Following his two role models, Ducreux turned to portraiture and initially copied portraits of important personalities such as the architect Jacques-François Blondel (1705-1774), the art critic Pierre-Jean Mariette (1694-1774), the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778) and the painter Jean Siméon Chardin (1699 - 1779).

Nine years after he had moved to Paris, Ducreux was sent to Vienna, where he received the official portrait of the then fourteen-year-old Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria (1755-1793), later Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of King Louis XVI. (1754 - 1793), should paint. In 1971 Decreux became a member of the imperial academy in Vienna. He painted members of the Viennese court such as Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (1717 - 1780), Archduke Joseph II of Austria (1741 - 1790), Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria (1746 - 1804), Archduchess Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia of Austria ( 1742 - 1798) and Archduchess Maria Elisabeth Josepha of Austria (1743-1808). When Ducreux returned to France, he was appointed by Marie Antoinette Premier Peintre ("First Painter"). Ducreux's works were henceforth to be seen in the Salon de la Correspondence. The French Revolution spent Ducreux in exile in London, where his works were exhibited without much success in the Royal Academy of Arts.

In 1793, Ducreux returned to Paris again and moved into an apartment in the Louvre, which was made available to him free of charge. He was also sponsored by his friend Jacques-Louis David (1748 - 1825). At this time Ducreux probably created the most famous painting: Portrait de l'artiste sous les traits d'un moqueur. The self-portrait shows Ducreux smiling mockingly, facing the viewer and pointing with his finger at him over his left shoulder. Today, the portrait is part of the Internet culture and a popular meme. Ducreux also painted paintings by the revolutionaries Maximilien de Robespierre (1758 - 1794) and Louis-Antoine-Léon de Saint-Just de Richebourg (1767-1794). © Meisterdrucke


Porträt des Grafen Charles Josep...
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