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Franz Krüger

Franz Krüger

   •   Unclassified artists   •   Wikipedia: Franz Krüger
37 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #1743
His nickname "Pferde-Krüger" seems to take some getting used to, even a little bit disrespectful, but still classifies the work of the Saxon painter Franz Krüger. Portraits of horses were his hobby, to put on a play on words. Whether in hunting and military paintings or in portrait pictures, he often finds the hoofed animal so admired by people as a motif. To dismiss him as a pure horse painter, of course, is fundamentally wrong.

Franz Krüger came into contact with animal painting as a child; his friend was awakened by his friend ornithologist Johann Friedrich Naumann. Later, during his school days in Dessau, the civil servant's son came into contact with the landscape painter Carl Wilhelm Kolbe, who introduced him to nature as a central artistic theme. At the age of fifteen, he enrolled at the Berlin Academy of the Arts, but stayed there only for two years. Then he developed his style self-taught. His nickname also came from this period, since during this phase he devoted himself almost exclusively to the representation of animals. After several successful exhibitions, he expanded his spectrum to create portraits. His portrayals of prominent contemporaries and important nobles significantly increased his level of awareness. At the age of twenty-eight, he was appointed royal professor, and he also became a full member of the Berlin Academy. His students included well-known artists such as Hermann Gemmel, Karl Konstantin Heinrich Steffeck and Theodor Schloepke. He also had the rare luck for painters to become wealthy through his work. So he could afford to move into a big house in Berlin, where he now lived. However, he traveled a lot to continue his artistic education; among other things, his path led him across Germany and to France or Russia.

Although Franz Krüger is mainly seen as a commissioned artist - and saw himself as such - he always managed to give his work its own character. Not only that his works are characterized by a high level of accuracy, lifelike sharpness and attention to detail, they also contain a good dose of subtle humor and sometimes irony as well as quiet social criticism, which means that they are not just pure documentation. So he did not put state leaders or glorious generals at the center of the action in pictures of military parades, but rather the citizens or the common people, which can be seen as softening traditional hierarchical structures. In this respect, the term "Biedermeier painter", with which Franz Krüger is often referred to, is as abbreviated and even misleading as the "horse Krüger". In terms of time, he may be assigned to the Biedermeier era and he also fits into this bourgeois era in terms of motivation, but his works are not really conservative - and certainly not home-baked. It is also worth mentioning that he was one of the first visual artists to use the technique of lithography in their work. © Meisterdrucke


 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Friedrich von Motz, after 1827
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Friedrich von Motz, after 1827
0 | Oil on canvas

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Krugers Dogs, 1855
1855 | Oil on canvas

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Krugers Dogs, 1855
1855 | Oil on canvas

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Bežiaci pes
1830 | Oil on canvas

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Bežiaci pes
1830 | Oil on canvas

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Portrait of General von Zieten
Undated | oil on canvas

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Portrait of General von Zieten
0 | oil on canvas

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Zar Nikolaus I. zu Pferd mit Beg...
Undated | Unknown

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Zar Nikolaus I. zu Pferd mit Beg...
undatiert | Unknown

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Unbekanntes Bild
Undated |

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